Soft tissue diode laser are now popular and have numerous advantages in dentistry. Laser has wide range of applications varying from surgical procedures, laser bleaching, tooth desensitization, gum treatment, TMJ pain relief and many more. Laser surgeries are very acceptable to the patients because they are usually painfree, result in less swelling and do not require suturing procedures.
Leukoplakia is a condition where patches of keratosis appear as adherent white patches on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, including the tongue, It must be distinguished from diseases that may cause similar white lesions, such as candidiasis and lichen planus. The lesions of leukoplakia cannot be scraped off.
It is sometimes described as precancerous. Tobacco, either smoked or chewed, is considered to be the main culprit in its development. It can also be caused by chronic irritation from sharp tooth or malaligned tooth usually third molars.
The treatment of leukoplakia mainly involves avoidance of predisposing factors like tobacco cessation, abstinence from alcohol and avoidance of chronic irritants, e.g., the sharp edges of teeth. A biopsy should be done, and the lesion surgically excised if pre-cancerous changes or cancer is detected.
At cosmo laser, small patches of leukoplakia can be very easily excised by means of diode lasers under local anaesthesia. Lesions excised by lasers has better healing as compared to blade surgery and do not produces much swelling and pain postoperatively.